LITERATURE REVIEW HFMD

The inclusion criteria were for studies on humans over the last 5 years, using the keywords HFMD. Epidemic of hand, foot and mouth disease in West Bengal, India in August, These presentations are provided in Table 1 and provide a summary of the unusual cases that have been reported. Severe mucosal lesions with rapid erosion impairing the ability to consume food; immunocompetent adult. A surveillance system to predict future outbreaks, encourage early diagnosis, put appropriate public health measures in place and research vaccine development is vitally important in order to control the disease.

Study Results Conclusions HanWang et al. Hand, foot, and mouth disease in China: Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. As for sex, recent studies suggest a higher prevalence in males than in females [ 4 , 26 , 30 ]. It is associated with climate changes, usually occurring in spring and summer [ 3 ]. Additionally, more data in this area may also result in improved prevention and management strategies being implemented in the workplace. Optical coherence tomography was conducted and reviewed by a visiting ophthalmologist.

Consent Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this case report and any accompanying images.

literature review hfmd

Epidemic characteristics of hand, foot, and mouth disease in Shanghai from to Onychomadesis outbreak in Valencia, Spain associated with hand, foot, and mouth disease caused by enteroviruses. The patient also developed complete central visual field loss in one eye and mild visual disturbance in the other on day 6. Child care workers and workplace hazards in the United States: Written informed consent was provided by the patient to have the case details and any accompanying images published.

  TINA NOBIS DISSERTATION

Improved surveillance in both the primary care and emergency care settings would provide increased knowledge regarding the incidence, demographics, and occurrence of both atypical presentations and unusual complications.

literature review hfmd

The characteristics of blood glucose and WBC counts in peripheral blood of cases of hand foot and mouth disease in China: It is therefore important to emphasize washing hands well and to avoid sharing contaminated utensils. Occasionally they can appear on the knees and buttocks. This virus is particularly prevalent in childcare centers and poses an infectious disease risk for this workplace.

Shenzhen, China [ 37 ]. Beijing, China [ 27 ]. Conclusions HFMD is a typical childhood illness, but it also occurs in adults, which should be kept in mind due to the possibility of outbreaks, with emphasis on medical history and the overall clinical picture, to avoid inadequate treatments with antibiotics.

J Korean Med Sci. Int J Health Geogr.

Central serous retinopathy and hand–foot–mouth disease: coincidence or causation?

Different studies show contradictions in temperatures, while Wang et al. Although it is not a serious disease, an early diagnosis is important to avoid epidemics on the pediatric population. Valencia, Spain [ 19 ]. Due to multiple pathogenic compositions, enteroviral recombination, co-infection, spreading and the lack of an effective vaccine, outbreaks of the infection can persist for a long time.

A literature review and case report of hand, foot and mouth disease in an immunocompetent adult.

The subgenotype C4 of EV71 was the main causative agent of the epidemic in Shanghai. McGraw Hill Education; They are surrounded by an erythematous halo. The biological relationship between climate indicators hffmd EV liteerature is quite complicated and different reports on the subject do not reveal the same results, so it deserves to be investigated in future studies to get better information on this relationship [ 229 ]. His personal history was significant: However, the exact reason for this association has not been studied yet.

  LANCIA THESIS DE VANZARE OLX

An overview of the evolution of enterovirus 71 and its clinical and public health significance. Shangai, China [ 26 ].

Optical coherence tomography was conducted and reviewed by a visiting ophthalmologist. A literature review and case report of hand, foot and mouth disease in an immunocompetent adult.

Central serous retinopathy and hand–foot–mouth disease: coincidence or causation?

Study of the clinical and laboratory features of hand-foot-mouth disease. China [ 38 ] HFMD cases. Helsinki, Finland [ 3 ].

Hand, foot and mouth disease: Namely, induction of cellular and humoral immunity should be considered when developing vaccines and further analyzed in clinical trials [ 44 ].

Additionally, more data in this area may also result in improved prevention and management strategies being implemented in the workplace. Climate Recent studies suggest a strong association between HFMD and climate changes, as the incidence of the disease increases in the springtime, when our case occurred.