EC S D houses completely destroyed. The nature of the hazard type, magnitude, frequency. There is a volcanic area located in the south of the island on Soufriere Hills called Chances Peak. This is very low frequency! Montserrat Background British colony in the Caribbean. You might be asked to consider the values and attitudes or opinions of people involved in the eruption, such as refugees or aid workers for example.
Airports in Chile, Argentina and Uruguay, up to 2, km from the volcano, were forced to close or cancel flights. Vulnerability This area of Chile has reasonably low population density, so limits the potential impacts on the local scale. Source Click here for cleaner image. The volcano had been dormant for over years but started to erupt on the 18 th of July This area of Chile has reasonably low population density, so limits the potential impacts on the local scale. You might be asked to consider the values and attitudes or opinions of people involved in the eruption, such as refugees or aid workers for example. EC S D Population fell from 12, to 5,
The impact of the event social, economic, environmentalin the short and casd term. Out migration – i n the people of Montserrat were granted full residency rights in the United Kingdom, allowing them to migrate if they chose. Source Click here for cleaner image. Beforeit consisted mainly of a rhyolitic lava dome that was last active 9, years ago.
Volcanoes – OCR – Revision 5 – GCSE Geography – BBC Bitesize
Beneath it is a destructive plate marginwhere the Nazca plate subducts under the South American plate. Volcanic activity has calmed down in recent years and people have begun to return to the island.
People felt it wasn’t enough which caused riots International Red cross provided water, food and shelter. New roads and airport were built.
Local Helicopters could only reach the East side of the ovlcano due to ash in the air creating problems with reaching survivors. Services in the North gradually expanded. Impacts The towns of Chaiten and Futaleufu were evacuated. EC S People flocked to the North, shelters became overcrowded.
The Chilean Navy had managed to evacuate people initially and emergency measures included the following: This is very low frequency! A risk map was created and is continually updated.
Chile has got armed services however, and these would be instrumental in aid to the region, and Chile has a stable democratic government. Airports and highways were closed due to the ash dangers, both in Chile and neighbouring countries, eg Argentina. The ash cloud could be seen from space and the volcano increased in size greatly due to lava sttudy.
Volcanoes and volcanic eruptions – Revision 6 – GCSE Geography – BBC Bitesize
S EC Marine life was destroyed because the sea was poisoned by ash. This volcano has a history of eruptions but in human terms it is infrequent.
The dome collapsed resulting in 5 million cubic metres of ash and dust pyroclastic flows in several directions enveloping the surrounding area. There is a volcanic area located in the south of the island on Soufriere Hills called Chances Peak.
Volcano Case Studies (MEDC AND LEDC)
The presence of the volcano resulted in a growth in adventure tourism. The airport was buried by Lahars on 11 February Short-term responses Large scale evacuation by the British Navy Abandonment of the capital city, Plymouth Compensation and redevelopment money donated by the UK government Unemployment rose due to the collapse q the tourist industry.
Once Chances Peak had woken up it then remained active for five years. Tectonic setting of the hazard The nature of the hazard type, magnitude, frequency Vulnerability Capacity to cope prediction, prevention, preparation The impact of the event social, economic, environmentalin the short and longer term Responses to the event international and domestic — Immediate and long term.
Mortgage schemes were introduced to encourage enterprise and to rebuild the economy.
LEDC Volcano Case Study: Montserrat
It measures 16km long and 11 km wide. Capacity to cope prediction, prevention, preparation and Institutional Capacity.
By late May the lava eruptions had created oedc new dome of ,m 2 containing 55million m 3 of material. Services in the north of the island were expanded.
The government casr help from the USA to help monitor the volcano as it erupted. The air pollution generated by the ash caused health problems for people. S EC Water supplies were contaminated. Evacuations began from South to North, but it was a slow process. Volcanic eruptions and lahars have destroyed large areas of Montserrat.