Little research exists on the impact of homework completed by a student working with one or more other people. Findings from this rigorous study revealed that high levels of family involvement were not significantly associated with high levels of academic achievement. However, he concluded that, “with regard to achievement, all eight studies found that homework involving preparation for new material or practice of old material led to higher scores on tests than homework that dealt solely with the content of the present day’s lesson” Does homework affect student learning? Cooper a noted a trend in these results: In Chen and Stevenson’s cross-cultural examination of homework in grades one, three, and five, the researchers argue that homework can have a negative impact on students’ attitudes toward school. Muhlenbruck and colleagues provide a direct examination of the link between homework, grade level, and achievement.

For example, differences in students’ attention spans and study habits may account for differences in homework’s effects. In recent years, the issue has received increased attention in the popular press and has become a topic of controversy. The link between assignment of homework and student achievement is far from clear, as noted by Cooper and other researchers Trautwein and Koller Extension homework asks students to apply previously learned skills to different contexts. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Her findings indicated no differences in math achievement scores between students in the two homework groups.

coutts 2004 homework

The results, while not clear cut, suggest the following lessons: The study did suggest that family involvement might have behavioral benefits, however, such as increased companionship between parents and children and increased awareness on the part of parents of their children’s academic life. Trautwein and Koller highlight several limitations of the research literature. The students also learned to work on schoolwork when they did not want to and to adjust their attentiveness to the demands of a specific assignment.

What the research means for school districts The conflicting nature of the research findings noted in this review reflects the continuing debate surrounding the value of homework.

coutts 2004 homework

She found more time spent doing homework, more help from parents, and more requests for parent involvement from teachers were associated with lower achievement in reading and mathematics. In a study of teachers’ use of homework in high schools, Murphy and Decker found that teachers most frequently assigned homework to reinforce class material 55 percent and to master course objectives 23 percent. Epstein attributes the results to the possibility that parents may spend more time helping their children if they are poor-performing rather than high-performing students.


In “The Homewor Myth”Kohn says 204 the relationship between homework and achievement inconclusive may be too generous, arguing there is no conclusive evidence that homework provides any benefits—either academic or nonacademic—to students.

(DOC) What research says about the value of homework | Ali iqrash –

Her findings indicated no differences in math achievement scores between students in the two homework groups. During the past decade, according to Gill and Schlossman”leading educational spokespersons have celebrated homework as essential to raise educational standards, foster high academic achievement, upgrade the quality of the labor force, and link family and school in a common teaching mission” For example, Dufresne and Kobasigawa examined home study time among students in grades one, three, five, and seven and the students’ responses to test items asking them to pair words associated with each other.

For instance, of the eight studies included in Cooper’s b meta-analysis of preparation and practice homework, only two studies examined the effects of both types. Teachers report assigning extension and integration homework far less frequently than practice and preparation homework Murphy and Decker Does the effect of homework vary with students’ age?

Balli discovered that when parents help their sixth-grade children with homework, the students believe they do better in school—regardless of how they feel about working with their parents.

Research review History of the homework debate. Researchers then examined the relationships between those created constructs using path analysis.

coutts 2004 homework

The second level of homework, noninstructional homework, also includes four subcategories Epstein and Van Voorhis Heavy homework loads should not be used as a main strategy for improving home-school relations or student achievement. Epstein examined homewokr, parent involvement, and student achievement in elementary schools.

It is difficult to know whether the pendulum is naturally swinging back to public disfavor of homework, or whether the requirements of the No Child Left 22004 Act of have led teachers to assign more homework and, consequently, to public outcry against the stressors in students’ lives. What the research means for school districts The conflicting nature of the research findings noted in this review reflects the continuing debate surrounding the value of homework.


What research says about the value of homework: Research review

The causal model is a visual and mathematical representation of specific relationships between the factors and outcomes in question Garson This was especially true among elementary school students.

Much research has been conducted to try to understand the ways in which various types of homework and various situations influence different groups of students. However, these types of homework are often studied independently. They concluded that homework completed outside of homewwork school day had a greater impact on grades and achievement test scores than homework completed in study hall or elsewhere during the school day.

Several researchers contend that low-performing students spend more time on homework than high-performing students do De Jong, Westerhof, and Creemers ; Epstein and Van Voorhis Kralovec and Buell proposed that the public’s belief in the effectiveness of homework is based on three homework myths: Van Voorhis examined the association between homework and science achievement in middle school grades.

Another study examined the influence of homework, among other variables, on student grades across five ethnic groups: Overall, a review of mainly correlational studies examining the amount of homework and its relation to achievement revealed encouraging findings. Homework also has potentially negative associations, one involving students’ economic status. Homework may be defined in simple terms as “tasks assigned to students by school teachers that are meant to be carried out during non-school hours” Cooper a, 7but the topic has many aspects, including the purpose of homework, the interaction level of the assignment, and teacher feedback.

Supposed benefits include immediate achievement and learning, long-term academic benefits, nonacademic benefits, and benefits to parents and families. Homework can be ohmework classified by level of interaction, or the social context in which it is completed; that is, independently, by a group of students, or with help from a parent, sibling, or other individual Cooper a.